Basics - Types of Paint
By Prudy Vannier
are all kinds of paint for every surface imaginable. Below are four
of the most basic kinds of paint that artist’s most use.
paint is oil-based (thus the name), comes in a tube, and is thinned
and brushes cleaned with odorless turpentine. It’s thick
and requires stiff brushes to move it around on a primed canvas,
the most popular surface for it. Colors are laid side by side
and blended between. Oil comes in many traditional basic colors
that have to be mixed to get new colors. Black and white are added
to make a color darker or lighter.
paint is water based with textile medium that allows it to be
washable and color-fast. It generally is applied with a stiff
brush to gently grind the paint into the fiber.
comes in tubes. It is water soluble. With more water it becomes
more transparent, an affect that is used to a watercolorist’s
advantage. It is applied with soft brushes – large ones
to apply lots of water and color (washes) and small ones to add
- Acrylic paint comes in tubes
and bottles. Tube acrylics are much like oil paints but are water
soluble. Bottled acrylics are smooth and creamy. They come in
any color imaginable so the need to mix is minimal. Color is layered
gradually (sometimes this is called glazing) by a technique called
floating in order to blend, shade and highlight. With drying fast
and water clean up, acrylics are very convenient.
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